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Oaths of disbelief

Aslaamualaikum I pray you are well. Please could you shed some light and help with the below. Before starting Isha Namaaz or any other Namaaz/Salaat, a Muslim verbally says the below words/statements, with the meaning and full intention and belief that he will actually become a kaafir, if he breaks or breaks and restarts his Namaaz/Salaat: "IF I BREAK MY NAMAAZ THEN IM A KAAFIR UNLESS I HAVE A WUDU PROBLEM, OR ANY FEELING OR ANY AIR INSIDE ME OR ANY UNCOMFORTABLE FEELING OR IF I NEED TO BREAK MY NAMAAZ FOR ANY REASON I NEED TO THEN I CAN" ETC and other similar statements. Soon after or after sometime, before starting one of his Namaaz/Salaat after he had verbally said the above conditions, the abovementioned Muslim also adds more verbal conditions and clarifications to the above conditions and clarifications to other similar conditions to himself verbally (before he prays Namaaz). He also verbally says and adds other similar statements and conditions e.g. "if i need to break my Namaaz due to a wudu problem or any other problem/feeling that i have(wind, stomach bubbles, belly rumbling, urge to break wind, or any feeling) then breaking my Namaaz doesnt make me a kaafir", "if I need to break my Namaaz for a reason then breaking Namaz doesn't make me a kaafir", "If someone calls me or someone knocks on the door or phone rings etc then breaking Namaaz doesn't make me a kaafir", " If I need to break Namaaz for any reason I feel I need to, then breaking Namaaz doesn't make me a kaafir", "if ive made the wrong intention then breaking Namaaz doesn't make me a kaafir", " if i lose balance in Namaaz then breaking Namaaz doesn't make me a kaafir", etc. Some time after he verbally said the above conditions, the extra verbal conditions and additional conditions made similar to the abovementioned conditions and clarifications of some of the conditions made as explained above, before starting Namaaz or when it wasn't Namaaz time - he couldn't remember all the verbal statements/conditions, verbal additions and verbal clarifications of conditions as explained above that he verbally said. So, therefore, he verbally says: "If I'm in Namaaz/Salaat and i break my Namaaz then I'm a kaafir unless the same conditions as I said for Isha Namaaz that day(explained above) kick in/take place, aswell as all the additional conditions and additions made to the conditions(explained above) and clarifications of conditions (explained above), that I have said (in the past)." However, after verbally saying all this explained, he still breaks his Namaaz/Salaat. 1)Does the above-mentioned Muslim become a kaafir by breaking or restarting his Namaaz/Salaat even after he verbally says the abovementioned statements, additions and clarifications, with the meaning and full intention and belief that he will actually become a kaafir, if he breaks or breaks and restarts his Namaaz/Salaat. Jazak'Allah Khairan Answer: Wa alaikum Salam wrwb, In the name of Allah, the Most Gracious and the most Merciful, First of all, we'd like to say that playing with your faith like this is an extremely dangerous thing and could lead to severe consequences, the person must seek forgiveness from Allah, renew their faith by reciting Shahadah and must never do something like again. As for weather doing something like this will expel them from Islam, In order to understand this we need to know that there are two types of oaths relevant here: 1. A conditional oath – ‘If I do / do not do x then the I am a Y’ or ‘By God I will never do x’. This oath is usually sworn to make oneself do an act or to prevent oneself from it. 2. A false oath -such as saying ‘I swear by God I did not do x’ when you know it to be untrue. If a person says something to the effect of ‘If he does x he will become a kafir’ – which is from category 1 – what we clearly understand is that he does not wish to do that thing – which is why he placed such a serious consequence upon doing it. Therefore, if he did do it, it will be considered an oath, and he will have to perform the expiation (Kaffara) as a penalty for breaking it. This is because he considers this statement an oath, and therefore a preventative means. Hence, we can determine that person in question falls under making an oath, and on top of that, they made even more conditions upon themselves, so they will not become Kafir, even if some condition was unintentionally broken. They will have to pay expiation and seek forgiveness from Allah. And Allah knows best Mufti Umer Farooq Saleem

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